TD Anglais L1S2

TD1 11/02/2019

  • Disputes : litiges
  • Intricate : complexe
  • The clerck of the court : le greffier du tribunal
  • Evidence : preuve
  • Exhibit : pièce à conviction
  • Miscarriage of justice : erreur judiciaire
  • Investigation : enquête
  • To lead an investigation : mener une enquête
  • A law firm : un cabinet d’avocats
  • Previous : précédent
  • Premises : locaux
  • Available : disponiles
  • To reschedule : reprogrammer, re-planifier, réorganiser
  • Giving it all up : tout plaquer
  • X want Y to be.. (infinitif)
  • Permits the (pas de to)
  • Stop + verbe ing (pas de to)
  • The (ajd comparatif) the X is/has, the (adj compatarif) the Y is/has

Mots de liaison

  • Unelss : à moins que
  • While : alors que, pendant que
  • Inspite/despite : malgré
  • Therefore : donc, c’est pourquoi
  • Even if : même si
  • Althought / Even thought : bien que, quoi que
  • Because : parce que
  • Rather : plutôt que
  • Meanwhile : pendant que, pendant ce temps
  • For fear of : par peur de

Comparatif

  • Than : more serious than, less dangerous than
  • Comparatif d’égalité : as … as, same as

Règle des temps avec if

  • If présent > will : If our law firm has enough cash, we will invest it in news premises
  • If prétérit > would : If he came earlier, he would meet all my friends
  • If past perfect > would have Verbe+ed : If I had known, I would have acted differently

Must (devoir)

  • Être obligé, devoir (au passé had to)
  • Indicateur de la certitude (they must have closed)  (au passé must have)

En anglais après une conjonction de temps

  • when (lorsque)
  • as soon as (dès que, aussitôt que)
  • once (une fois que)

Le mot will est interdit. When you WILL have finished : when you have finished. When their working conditions are better.

To et For

  • To + verbe au présent = dans le but de, avec pour objectif de
  • For + verbe ing = cause, raison. He was fined pour speeding.

Most

  • Most exhibits : généralité
  • Most of the exhibits : déterminé (a besoin d’une autre phrase)

Conjugaison

  • Present perfect : passé pas fini, toujours d’actualité, continuité (Has dealt with)
  • Preterit : fini, terminté, ce n’est plus d’actualité, rupture (Dealt with)

TD2 18/02/2019

  • E extenuating circumstances (that excuse the crime) : circonstances atténuantes
  • A aggravating circumstances (which compound the crime) : circonstances aggravantes
  • broke into : broke the door or window to get into the house : entrer par effraction
  • burglar : cambrioleur
  • to buglarise : cambrioler
  • a burglary : un cambriolage
  • to steal (stole, stolen) : voler, prendre quelque chose à l’intérieur / to rob : voler, prendre l’objet avec soi
  • valuables : objets de valeur
  • unexpectedly : de façon inattendue
  • made their gategaway/ran away/to flee : s’enfuir
  • jewellery : bijoux
  • to treat (to compliment) : offrir, payer pour
  • theme park : parc d’attraction
  • to admit to a murder/murdering somebody : admettre un crime
  • widow : veuve

List :

  • 10 yo boy : E, at that age a boy may be manipulated or influenced, and he may not realize the consequences of his acts, he is impressionable
  • an 82 yo widow : A, a defencless person, so she was an easy target
  • next door neigbour : E
  • and a friend Collin Burke : E he can manipulate him if he is older
  • in the middle of the afternoon while she was away : E they choose the right moment knowing that she wouldn’t be here
  • surprised the two burglers : E bad luck
  • shot her three times : A
  • gun find in the house
  • made their gateway in the elderly lady’s car
  • treted to friends to a long weekend of fun, compliments of his father : prove he has diminish sens of right and wrong…but he lied about the provenance of the money so he do have the sens of wright and wrong
  • turn himself into the police

TD3 04/03/2019

  • Indictment : accusations
  • Involuntary manslaughter
  • accablant : damning (evidences)
  • To prove guilty : confondre
  • To catch red-handed : être pris en flagrant délit
  • worth : a une valeur de

Translate :

  • the lawyer defends his client, whether he is guilty or not (« que/si » de l’alternative)
  • he was declared guilty althought/even thought he had extenuating circumstances
  • the jury returned his verdict, the accused was found guilty of involuntary manslaughter and was sentenced to five years in prison/jail
  • it’s been more than 10 months since the investigation has been underway/ongoing, and the police has been at a standstill
  • To be able to prove him guilty, they had to to accumulate damning evidence
  • He was condemned for bulgarizing a jewelry shop and stealing jewelry worth several millions of euros
  • he decided to plead not guilty althought he was (ou had been) caught red-handed, which can/may seem paradoxical

TD4 11/03/2019

His lawyer wanted to plead no guilty on account of his age

The defendant was convincted of murder beyond resonable doubt (au delà de tout doute raisonnable)

He was burglarizing a house when is was caught red handed

The victim’s car was stolen to gather with some jewellery

The evidence is damning and the jury is bound to (going to+inéluctable = va forcément) return a guilty verdict

  • He turn himseld in to the police / to turn into something (se transformer)
  • Undoubtedly
  • age is not a reason for comitting a murder
  • doute : he may not have been conscious of his acts, he may have been manipulated
  • he was only 10, at that age …(this age : époque-ci)

TD5 23/03/2019 et TD6 01/04/2019

Punitive justice : the purpose is to punish the offender. Victimes are forgotten in this system

Restorative justice : the purpose is to restore, the victime (supporting, helping to overcome the trauma they sustained as a result of the offence, and the way it works is basically by organizing a meeting between the offender and the victime, it is the opportuny for the offender to meet his victime face to face, to explain remords ; the opportunity for the victim to express their trauma, how the offence has impacted her life : both parts fine their balance again and understand the situation better witch permits to overcome their respective difficulties)  / the offender (give the support he needs to find his place in society again, and not be tempted of reoffending because they are marginalized and the only option is to become criminal again

  • The harm : le mal
  • Make amends : réparer leurs torts
  • Put across : faire comprendre, passer un message
  • Fewer devant mot pluriel / less devant mot singulier : moins
  • Proven : éprouver
  • to make sure = to ensure that…
  • a trained facilitator : animateur dans une réunion
  • the proceedings : la procédure
  • be involved : être impliqué
  • GBH : griveous bodily harm, coups et blessures
  • figures : chiffres
  • break down figures : analyser des chiffres
  • to bring in a news law / when the new law is rought in (pas de futur mais du présent)
  • substance misuse : abus de drogue
  • siblings : frères et soeurs

Grammar, turn into passive :

  • offenders will be hold for what they done
  • the victims are left out by the criminal justice
  • he could have been given the opportunity / the opportunity could have been given to him
  • a lot of benefits have been found by the community
  • three requirements must be met by them
  • the families of re-offenders are helped / are being helped

TD7 du 08/04/2019

Ex. 4

Even thougt he is a reoffender, he wanted this meeting with the victime to be the opportunity to make amends

It’s a complexe procedure with many requirements/conditions which must be met, and withount which the meeting/confront between the criminal and the victim cannot take place.

Since this system was implemented, the criminal rate has dropped dramatically withount the police have to intervene more.

By giving the delinquent the possibility to realize the harm he has done/caused, the crime rate can be brought done.

  • reoffender/recedivist : récidiviste
  • to put in place = to implement = mettre en place
  • be released : être libéré de prison
  • alongside : en parallèle
  • in good faith : de bonne foi
  • provided : à condition que
  • call in question : remettre en question
  • the flaws : les défauts

Le participe présent : en Vant en français.

  • By Ving = moyen (by working you will suceed)
  • On Ving = le moment où
  • In Ving = simultanéité (in passing)

Ex. 5 Define

Re-offender : person who has been charged with a crime and who commits another crime after being released

Restorative justice : justice system which exists alongside the criminal justice system but whose objective is not to punish but to restore the victim and the offender, ie to help the victime overcome,the trauma/the loss and give the offender the opportunity to be rehabilitated

Crime rate : the percentage of crime within a given population

Dysfunctional families : families that are involved in the criminal justice system or parents who leave their children to their own devices withount giving them a decent education.

Ex. 6

A meeting between a victim and a criminal can be positive provided the criminal is in good faith and the victim is not reticent

… the crime rate has dropped significantly thanks to the rehabilitation of the offender who can find a place in society again

… they risk becoming hardened criminals because they grow up in a violent environment

… the criminal justice system should avoid sending them to prison and it is the opportunity to call in question the flaws in society

… the more insecure the country is

Ex 7

Q1 What justifies the creation of a restorative justice system is :

  • the high rate of recidivism among ex-convicts
  • the focus of the criminal justice system on the criminal and the resulting contempt of the victim
  • the belief that the criminal justice system fails to set things right

Q2

Q3 The purpose of punitive justice is to punish an offender/criminal for breaking the law. One the other hand the purpose of restorative justice is twofold : helping the offender to make amends and to find his place is society again in order to avoid recidivism ; helping the victim to overcome the trauma and live a normal life again (regain psychological balance)

Q4

 

  • twofold : le but est double
  • ex-convicts : anciens détenus
  • contempt : mépris
  • to put back on the right track : remettre sur le droit chemin
  • lenity : indulgence

 

Dictation

Rehab is about putting criminal back on the right track

dysfunctional family can exert a very noxious (harmfull) influence on a child

justice has been meted out with a lot of lenity

A confront is a meeting face to face between the victim and the offender

The cathartic effect will hopefully permet the two parties involved to give vent to their inner feelings

TD Anglais L1S2

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