TD1 du 30/09/2019

  • vouloir que = want TO (et pas want that), in want to work, in want my employees to work
  • will interdit après une conjonction de temps


  • if we invest (présent) we will make a profit (futur obligatoirement)
  • if we invested (supposition) we would make a profit
  • if we had invested we would have made a profit / if the context have been more favourable, trade exchanges would have grown more quickely


  • nous devons supprimer des emplois : we must cut jobs/we have to cut jobs
  • ils ont du supprimer des emplois suggère soit surement/on en est convaincu (qui se traduit par they must have cut jobs) ou s’ils ont été forcés (had to cut jobs)

Vocabulaire à retenir :

  • even thought (even if) : même si
  • althought : bien que
  • board meeting : réunion du conseil d’administration
  • therefore : c’est pourquoi
  • to hire (embaucher) to fire (virer)
  • not so long ago : il n’y a pas longtemps
  • while/whereas : tandis que
  • unless : sauf si/a moins que
  • if : si (condition) whether si (alternatif)
  • puzzled : perplexe

Exercice lecture d’image

Work meeting with 6 employees, serious, in a brain storming thinking about a project, young and old

Correction : those people are attending the board meeting of the company / those people might be attendong the board meeting (incertain il se pourrait que) / those people may be attending (il se peut) / must be (90% sur)

the man in the grey suit must be the boss

Correction : those people are attending the board meeting of the company during which one of the employee gives a presentation aout a very important point while/therefore te other employees are listening attentively

The man who is giving the presentation looks very confident although/even though he was hired not so long ago, which proves he is very bright ant talented. If he had not been talented he would not have been hired.

Exercice 2

  • Maybe it’s a Board meating, the man in grey must be the boss because, he’s looking at an accouting document which shows whether the company is making a profit or a loss.
  • This is a bus stop, they are all waiting for the bus. Some of them are sitting while others are standing.
  • They must be watching a match and they team has just scored, therefore they are cheering.
  • He looks as if he were looking (he looks like he is looking = tous les jours) for the solution to the problem. He looks shocked, confused, puzzled
  • He is rubbing his eyes because he is exhausted by is job. he is exhausted because he has spent to much time (has been working too long (vient juste de s’arrêter = present perfect ing, vient de se passer) / he has work too long) in front of his computer screen. Doesn’t succeed in is project, cannot either find a solution or a way round to the difficulty : he is in a deadlock
  • they must have made a sucessful deal
  • it’s a car plant which is not working at full capacity


  • on-site : sur site (bureau, atelier dans l’entreprise…)
  • remote : distant
  • for x to be y (for teleworking to be successful) : pour que x soit y
  • to access = to have access to
  • convenient : pratique (practical)
  • drawback : un inconvenient
  • inconvenient : peu pratique
  • to benefit from : bénéficier de
  • overhead(s) : coûts indirects, couts fixes
  • schedule : (skedule or chedule) time table : emploi du temps
  • due to : because of : owing to
  • split : séparer
  • abroad : à l’étranger
  • whether : que , si (alors remplaçable par if)
  • thanks to : grâce à
  • implemented : mis en place
  • providing somebody with : fournir à
  • state-of-the-art technology : technologie de pointe
  • to commute : trajets maison travail (déplacements pendulaires)

2. Questionnaire

  • define teleworking : Correction : teleworking is a working arrangement which permits employees to work from a remote location whether it is from home, from a cafe, from another company located abroad, thanks to the improvement of new telecommunications technologies
  • on what conditions can teleworking be put in place : technologies which permits an access to all company’s files and systems, like for exemple software on the cloud + telecommunication technologies to stay in contact with team. Correction : a certain number of conditions have to be fulfilled before teleworking can be implemented :
    • telecommunications technologies (computers, broadband connections, a cloud)
    • that supposes that the employer is ready to invest, providing the employees with all the necessary equipment (the employer needs to provide the employees with a laptop)
    • state-of-the-art technology is needed
    • all the processes need to be very secure
    • it supposes an agreement between the employer and the employees
  • what are the advantages for the employees : Correction :
    • teleworking reduces travel time and costs (to commute)
    • teleworking adds flexibility to the employee’s time schedule
    • it can permit to shorten parental leave
    • business continuity
  • what are the advantages for the employers : Correction :
    • business continuity
    • economies on overheads
    • a hiring advantage

3. Comprehension n°2 + vocabulaire

  • to trust = to have confidence in
  • staff = personnel
  • to be self-employed
  • would rather = would prefer to be
  • to set off = to leave
  • to be allowed = to be permitted
  • unwilling = reticent
  • to be willing = bien vouloir faire qqchose
  • to get value for money : en avoir pour son argent
  • that has got to change (caractère impérieux il faut absolument) = that has to change (ce n’est pas moi qui l’impose) = that must change (je prends l’obligation de)
  • rather than = plutôt que
  • to be worth = valoir la peine
  • hardly = presque pas
  • impede = faire obstacle, gêner, entraver
  • daily basis
  • sideline them = mettre sur la touche
  • out of sight, out of mind = loin des yeux, loin du coeur
  • availability : disponibilité

4. Questionnaire

  • Advantages teleworking
    • you don’t waste (gaspiller) time in transport (commuting)
    • she can balance her work life and privae life (she can organize her own time schedule)
  • The main drawback would be to miss the opportunity to meet different people, to be isolated, cut off from the rest of the world
  • A lot of employers are unwilling to give their staff the opportunity to work from home because they don’t trust them (a lack of trust), they are afraid of the employees not working hard enough
  • There has to be a relation of trust to build between employers and employees

5. Translation

  • to set up teleworking emloyers and employees have to agree
  • working from home can have advantages and drawbacks according to the studies that have been made
  • many employers think that teleworkers are much less profitable and therefore they are very unwilling
  • new technologies allow teleworking to grow/develop/expand in most companies (pas most of, on met most of quand il y a the)
  • one the one hand teleworking permits to find a better work life balance but on the other hand it reduces social life
  • it has been a long time since many companies have given their staff this opportunity even thought there are relatively few (peu) teleworkers

mot au pluriel = few, mot au singulier = little (little money)

6. Correct the mistakes

  • before going
  • don’t want the other employees to be
  • a teleworker doesn’t have to (mustn’t ça voudrait dire qu’il est interdit pour lui d’y aller)
  • working from home
  • to spend
  • information (jamais de pluriel sur ce mot en anglais) > i’ve got 3 pieces of information
  • i would spend (am > will, were > would)
  • are not agree (n’existe pas) > disagree/don’t agree
  • make them work (pas de to, pas de ing)
  • he has become (has gone, has come…)
  • hard (dur) =/= hardly (presque pas)
  • to become (dans le but de : toujours infinitif)
  • responsible for (toujours cette préposition)

8. Expression

  • schedule : correction : it is an advantage for the employees because they can organize their day’s work as they like and thus find a better work life balance. they also save time and money during the day because they don’t have to commute
  • productivity : we could think that being in a comfortable and familiar environment can boost the productivity of employees who feel priviledged and want to prove themselves. Also by having a better work life balance they can concentrate better on their work. On the other hand being at home can offer too many distractions and impede productivity
  • costs : there is a cost advantage both for the employer and the employee, the employer can save on overheads like electricity, heating, office space. On the other hand the employee saves on the costs of communting.
  • career development : teleworkers may be at a disadvantage in terms of promotion and careeer opprtunitiees because they work from a distant location and the boss does not see them on a daily basis and may even forget about them, sideline them : out of sight, out of mind
  • availability : this can be a real probleme for the employee because unless your schedule is extremely clear the employer may be tempted to contact you whenever he needs it and thus you work life spills over your family life
  • work life balance : at first glance it seems that a teleworker can achieve a better work life balance beacause he can choose his own time schedule but in reality it can be very difficult to clearly separate working life and family life

CONTROLE LE 18 NOVEMBRE SUR TOUT CA (feuille revision + séquence teleworking. la sequence 2 human ressources n’est pas au programme du controle)

TD 25/11

Correction du devoir :

  1. A B B A C D D C B C

Séquence 3 : Human Ressources

  • survey = study
  • rippling effet = consequence
  • to be likely to = être susceptible de faire qqchose
  • to get a message accross = faire passer un message
  • valid business case
  • organization = business
  • a career long employee = an employee who stays in the same company for a long time instead of changing
  • upfront = immediately
  • reap = récolter les bénéfices, ce que l’on a semé
  • mere cogs in a gear = tools, boulons d’engrenages


The employers need to understand that the employees are not just dots on map, they are human beings and they need to develop them as career long employees to reap the benefits

Employee retention is important for a company because retention creates engagement and dedication therefore it increase the productivity

Correction :

  • for employee, to be engaged with a company means that he considers his position in the company as a long term career and he dedicates himself to the success of the company which offers him an opportunity for self-fulfilment
  • the relationship between the company and the employees is a game of give and take ; the employees are prepared to be committed to the success of the company as long as the company reciprocates and and gives them the rewards for their hard work
    • consideration : employees want to be considerated as humain being and not just as mere cogs in a gear
    • development : as humain beigns, employees want to be given the opportunity to develop, envolve …
    • investment : the investment that the company makes in its employees will pay back in the long term that is the reason why employee retention is so important

QCM grammaire

  • further (ou plus rarement farther, aller plus loin), further information = more information
  • required to be fluent
  • he would have been hired
  • looked for
  • there were
  • what determines (en tête de phrase c’est what)
  • much leeway (marge de manoeuvre)
  • of identification
  • dans le but de = toujours to, donc ici in ordrer to
  • by herself
  • receipt
  • such as
  • proved ortherwise (ont montré le contraire), claimed no knowledge (prétant n’avoir aucune connaissance de la transaction)
  • had fallen
  • avec will verbe ensuite en base verbal : show you to your room
  • already
  • competitive field (un domaine concurrentiel)

Employee retention

  • employee retention = keeping the employee within the company
  • the employees whom company wants to retain are the most  skillful and the most productive. these talented employees contribute to raising the profitability of the company
  • perks, perquisites
  • luncheon vouchers

wanna grow busniss, hard recruit the wirght ones, prevent them from leaving you

  • stagnation : repetitive task, promotions. to achieve a goal, to reach an objective
  • overwork : a work-foad which is to heavy and deadlines which are impossible to meet. reliable (dependable) = fiable. to pull one’s weight : faire sa part de travail. strategic goals, achievable.
  • vague visions : either the objectives given to te employees are not clear, or the role attributed to each employee. they need to know where they fit in (comment ils s’intègrent dans l’organisation)is not clear
  • profits over people : when an organisation values its bottom ligne (ligne du bas = bénéfices) more than its people…
  • lack of recognition : employees want to be rewarded for their efforts
  • lack of trust (confience) : key area, essential to build and maintain trust, to go above and beyond = se dépasser, have to know that you trust them
  • excessive hierarchy : a rigidly top-down organization (verticale) not being empowered to make decisions, express themselves and make mistakes


  • employers are more likely to be engaged in the company if they feel that they can fulfil themselves there
  • the relationships between employers and employees have seen a lot of changes over the past few years (in recent years). to change jobs
  • if they had kept their most productive and experienced employees, their company would have developed much more/a lot more
  • to convey/to get across . Getting this message across is not always easy because some employers are used to considering their employees as mere dots on a map. used to (existe qu’au preterit, veut dire autrefois : i used to work in that company)/to be used to (je suis habitué à : i am used to getting up early)
  • they may have invested a lot in the traininf of their employees and they may now want a return on this investment
  • PME=SMEsmall and medium business). Whether they are in a big company or an SME, employees expect some recognition

« que » en anglais : that, than (comparaison), which, whether, as (comparaison similaire), whom (personnes)

Anglais L2S3

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