TD1 du 30/09/2019

  • vouloir que = want TO (et pas want that), in want to work, in want my employees to work
  • will interdit après une conjonction de temps


  • if we invest (présent) we will make a profit (futur obligatoirement)
  • if we invested (supposition) we would make a profit
  • if we had invested we would have made a profit / if the context have been more favourable, trade exchanges would have grown more quickely


  • nous devons supprimer des emplois : we must cut jobs/we have to cut jobs
  • ils ont du supprimer des emplois suggère soit surement/on en est convaincu (qui se traduit par they must have cut jobs) ou s’ils ont été forcés (had to cut jobs)

Vocabulaire à retenir :

  • even thought (even if) : même si
  • althought : bien que
  • board meeting : réunion du conseil d’administration
  • therefore : c’est pourquoi
  • to hire (embaucher) to fire (virer)
  • not so long ago : il n’y a pas longtemps
  • while/whereas : tandis que
  • unless : sauf si/a moins que
  • if : si (condition) whether si (alternatif)
  • puzzled : perplexe

Exercice lecture d’image

Work meeting with 6 employees, serious, in a brain storming thinking about a project, young and old

Correction : those people are attending the board meeting of the company / those people might be attendong the board meeting (incertain il se pourrait que) / those people may be attending (il se peut) / must be (90% sur)

the man in the grey suit must be the boss

Correction : those people are attending the board meeting of the company during which one of the employee gives a presentation aout a very important point while/therefore te other employees are listening attentively

The man who is giving the presentation looks very confident although/even though he was hired not so long ago, which proves he is very bright ant talented. If he had not been talented he would not have been hired.

Exercice 2

  • Maybe it’s a Board meating, the man in grey must be the boss because, he’s looking at an accouting document which shows whether the company is making a profit or a loss.
  • This is a bus stop, they are all waiting for the bus. Some of them are sitting while others are standing.
  • They must be watching a match and they team has just scored, therefore they are cheering.
  • He looks as if he were looking (he looks like he is looking = tous les jours) for the solution to the problem. He looks shocked, confused, puzzled
  • He is rubbing his eyes because he is exhausted by is job. he is exhausted because he has spent to much time (has been working too long (vient juste de s’arrêter = present perfect ing, vient de se passer) / he has work too long) in front of his computer screen. Doesn’t succeed in is project, cannot either find a solution or a way round to the difficulty : he is in a deadlock
  • they must have made a sucessful deal
  • it’s a car plant which is not working at full capacity


  • on-site : sur site (bureau, atelier dans l’entreprise…)
  • remote : distant
  • for x to be y (for teleworking to be successful) : pour que x soit y
  • to access = to have access to
  • convenient : pratique (practical)
  • drawback : un inconvenient
  • inconvenient : peu pratique
  • to benefit from : bénéficier de
  • overhead(s) : coûts indirects, couts fixes
  • schedule : (skedule or chedule) time table : emploi du temps
  • due to : because of : owing to
  • split : séparer
  • abroad : à l’étranger
  • whether : que , si (alors remplaçable par if)
  • thanks to : grâce à
  • implemented : mis en place
  • providing somebody with : fournir à
  • state-of-the-art technology : technologie de pointe
  • to commute : trajets maison travail (déplacements pendulaires)

2. Questionnaire

  • define teleworking : Correction : teleworking is a working arrangement which permits employees to work from a remote location whether it is from home, from a cafe, from another company located abroad, thanks to the improvement of new telecommunications technologies
  • on what conditions can teleworking be put in place : technologies which permits an access to all company’s files and systems, like for exemple software on the cloud + telecommunication technologies to stay in contact with team. Correction : a certain number of conditions have to be fulfilled before teleworking can be implemented :
    • telecommunications technologies (computers, broadband connections, a cloud)
    • that supposes that the employer is ready to invest, providing the employees with all the necessary equipment (the employer needs to provide the employees with a laptop)
    • state-of-the-art technology is needed
    • all the processes need to be very secure
    • it supposes an agreement between the employer and the employees
  • what are the advantages for the employees : Correction :
    • teleworking reduces travel time and costs (to commute)
    • teleworking adds flexibility to the employee’s time schedule
    • it can permit to shorten parental leave
    • business continuity
  • what are the advantages for the employers : Correction :
    • business continuity
    • economies on overheads
    • a hiring advantage

3. Comprehension n°2

  • to trust = to have confidence in
  • staff = personnel
  • to be self-employed
  • would rather = would prefer to be
  • to set off = to leave
  • to be allowed = to be permitted
  • unwilling = reticent
  • to be willing = bien vouloir faire qqchose
  • to get value for money : en avoir pour son argent
  • that has got to change (caractère impérieux il faut absolument) = that has to change (ce n’est pas moi qui l’impose) = that must change (je prends l’obligation de)
  • rather than = plutôt que
  • to be worth = valoir la peine

4. Questionnaire

  • Advantages teleworking
    • you don’t waste (gaspiller) time in transport (commuting)
    • she can balance her work life and privae life (she can organize her own time schedule)
  • The main drawback would be to miss the opportunity to meet different people, to be isolated, cut off from the rest of the world
  • A lot of employers are unwilling to give their staff the opportunity to work from home because they don’t trust them (a lack of trust), they are afraid of the employees not working hard enough
  • There has to be a relation of trust to build between employers and employees

5. Translation

  • to set up teleworking emloyers and employees have to agree
  • working from home can have advantages and drawbacks according to the studies that have been made
  • many employers think that teleworkers are much less profitable and therefore they are very unwilling
  • new technologies allow teleworking to grow/develop/expand in most companies (pas most of, on met most of quand il y a the)
  • one the one hand teleworking permits to find a better work life balance but on the other hand it reduces social life
  • it has been a long time since many companies have given their staff this opportunity even thought there are relatively few (peu) teleworkers

mot au pluriel = few, mot au singulier = little (little money)

Anglais L2S3

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